Object photography

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Object description

  • Emma Celestine (Choctaw); Stella Celestine (Choctaw)
  • Bandolier, early 20th century
  • Wool, cotton, glass
  • Louisiana, United States
  • L: 46 in, W: 4 in (L: 116.8 cm, W: 10.2 cm)
  • Mrs. Frank G. Speck, 1958
  • E34657
  • Designed and made by women; worn by men
  • Ancestral Mississippian ceramic motifs are expressed in new medium

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, despite the pressures of assimilation and encroachment of Euro-Americans, Choctaw women used readily available trade items to make apparel that conveyed shared ancestral ties. The bandolier, or eskofatashi, was worn over one shoulder and tied at the waist, crossing over the chest and torso. This example was made by a mother-daughter team.