Object photography

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Object description

  • Paleoindian artist
  • Point, Paleoindian
  • Chert
  • Bull Brook site, Ipswich, Massachusetts, United States
  • Gift of William Eldridge, 1992
  • BB676


The Bull Brook site in Ipswich Massachusetts, excavated between 1950 and 1975, ranks among the largest and most important Paleoindian sites in North America with 36 house-sized activity areas arranged in a ring shaped community. The site was likely occupied by a group of families, probably during the winter seasons, some 11,000 years ago. Paleoindians lived in present-day New England after the retreat of the last glaciers. The Bull Brook site provides a strong case for large scale aggregation of the Paleoindian people with clear evidence for a single occupation event within the area. These works of functional and aesthetic beauty provide us with a window upon the social contexts of the first culture to develop in the Massachusetts region about 11,000 years ago. This is an end scraper point made out of grayish tan colored chert.