Object photography

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Object description

  • Paleoindian artist
  • Knife, Paleoindian
  • Chert
  • Bull Brook site, Ipswich, Massachusetts, United States
  • BB6843


The Bull Brook site in Ipswich Massachusetts, excavated between 1950 and 1975, ranks among the largest and most important Paleoindian sites in North America with 36 house-sized activity areas arranged in a ring shaped community. The site was likely occupied by a group of families, probably during the winter seasons, some 11,000 years ago. Paleoindians lived in present-day New England after the retreat of the last glaciers. The Bull Brook site provides a strong case for large scale aggregation of the Paleoindian people with clear evidence for a single occupation event within the area. These works of functional and aesthetic beauty provide us with a window upon the social contexts of the first culture to develop in the Massachusetts region about 11,000 years ago. This is a side scraper knife made out of gray chert.