Object photography

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Object description

  • Akimel O'odham (Pima) artist
  • Ball, before 1884
  • Gum, wood, mesquite
  • Arizona, United States
  • dia.: 2 3/4 in (dia.: 7.0 cm)
  • Gift of the Smithsonian Institution, 1884
  • E1079


Inscribed, white ink, "27847, Pimas...Arizona, Mrs. G. Stont."


This is a wooden ball, possibly carved from mesquite or paloverde wood, covered with mesquite gum/pitch. Further Remarks: The ball is similar in size to a croquet ball, and was used in a foot races among tribes in the Southwest in the 19th century. The ball was called "sonjikjo" (see p. 671 of the Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Annual Report)