Object photography

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Object description

  • Haudenosaunee and Penobscot artist
  • Glengarry cap, late 19th century
  • Silk, wool, glass
  • Maine, Northeastern United States, Canada
  • H: 4 1/8 in, W: 6 1/4 in, D: 11 1/2 in (H: 10.5 cm, W: 15.9 cm, D: 29.2 cm)
  • Museum Purchase, 1947
  • E27327
  • Made by Haudenosaunee artist, and later enlarged by Penobscot artist
  • Based on Scottish cap favored by Queen Victoria, made familiar by British soldiers in Canada

Haudenosaunee and other Northeastern Native women produced various souvenirs during the tourist boom in the Niagara Falls region in the 19th century. Many of these items were adapted from European forms and designs. During the 1850s when Queen Victoria dressed her children in Scottish clothing, Glengarry caps became fashionable in Great Britain and America, and were the most popular hat made by Mohawk beadworkers.


This is a glengarry-style cap made out of wool and decorated with colorful glass beadwork in floral designs. The hat is trimmed with red silk and lined on the inside with a golden colored silk cloth. The hat was originally made by a Haudenosaunee artist, but later enlarged by a Penobscot artist. The dark blue fabric additions at the top of the hat that are decorated with white beaded scrollwork.