Object photography

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Object description

  • Haida artist
  • Pipe, before 1831
  • Argillite
  • Pacific Northwest Coast, Canada
  • L: 8 1/2 in, W: 1 5/8 in, D: 2 in (L: 21.6 cm, W: 4.1 cm, D: 5.1 cm)
  • Gift of John Hammond, 1831
  • E3493


This is a decoratively carved argillite pipe. The two primary figures are a whale and a beaver with three human figures. The whale's head and pectoral fin dominate the design. One human is in the mouth of the whale. The second human under the whale's chin, and the third human is found crouching between the beaver's ears. The stem is defined by a three-ringed cylinder between the beaver's ears and extending out the top of his head. The beaver is apparent by its prominent incisor teeth and is clutching a stylized crosshatched tail. Further remarks: This pipe is one of the earliest known works in argillite, listed as a "stone pipe, grotesquely wrought" in the 1831 edition of the East India Marine Society's published catalogue. East India Marine Society was founding institution of what is now Peabody Essex Museum.

Exhibition History

  • Uncommon Legacies: Native American Art from the Peabody Essex Museum, Washington State Historical Society; October 11, 2005 through February 09, 2006
  • Gifts of the Spirit: Works by Nineteenth-Century & Contemporary Native American Artists, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA.; November 14, 1996 through May 18, 1997